Business Model Canvas - FREE
  • Business Model Canvas - FREE
Originally published: 02/07/2018 14:22
Publication number: ELQ-23443-1
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Business Model Canvas - FREE

This is the simple business model canvas that is widely used to describe a business model.

This Business Model Canvas is made in Microsoft word and should be very easy to use and fill out. As It isn't complex I'm not charging for it.

Below is a description of the business model canvas from.

Business Model Canvas is a strategic management and lean startup template for developing new or documenting existing business models. It is a visual chart with elements describing a firm's or product's value proposition, infrastructure, customers, and finances. It assists firms in aligning their activities by illustrating potential trade-offs.

The Business Model Canvas was initially proposed by Alexander Osterwalder based on his earlier work on Business Model Ontology. Since the release of Osterwalder's work in 2008, new canvases for specific niches have appeared.


Key Activities: The most important activities in executing a company's value proposition. An example for Bic, the pen manufacturer, would be creating an efficient supply chain to drive down costs.

Key Resources: The resources that are necessary to create value for the customer. They are considered assets to a company that are needed to sustain and support the business. These resources could be human, financial, physical and intellectual.
Partner Network: In order to optimize operations and reduce risks of a business model, organizations usually cultivate buyer-supplier relationships so they can focus on their core activity. Complementary business alliances also can be considered through joint ventures or strategic alliances between competitors or non-competitors.


Value Propositions: The collection of products and services a business offers to meet the needs of its customers. According to Osterwalder (2004), a company's value proposition is what distinguishes it from its competitors. The value proposition provides value through various elements such as newness, performance, customization, "getting the job done", design, brand/status, price, cost reduction, risk reduction, accessibility, and convenience/usability.
The value propositions may be:
Quantitative – price and efficiency
Qualitative – overall customer experience and outcome


Customer Segments: To build an effective business model, a company must identify which customers it tries to serve. Various sets of customers can be segmented based on their different needs and attributes to ensure appropriate implementation of corporate strategy to meet the characteristics of selected groups of clients. The different types of customer segments include:
Mass Market: There is no specific segmentation for a company that follows the Mass Market element as the organization displays a wide view of potential clients. e.g. Car
Niche Market: Customer segmentation based on specialized needs and characteristics of its clients. e.g. Rolex
Segmented: A company applies additional segmentation within existing customer segment. In the segmented situation, the business may further distinguish its clients based on gender, age, and/or income.
Diversify: A business serves multiple customer segments with different needs and characteristics.
Multi-Sided Platform / Market: For a smooth day-to-day business operation, some companies will serve mutually dependent customer segments. A credit card company will provide services to credit card holders while simultaneously assisting merchants who accept those credit cards.
Channels: A company can deliver its value proposition to its targeted customers through different channels. Effective channels will distribute a company’s value proposition in ways that are fast, efficient and cost-effective. An organization can reach its clients through its own channels (store front), partner channels (major distributors), or a combination of both.
Customer Relationships: To ensure the survival and success of any businesses, companies must identify the type of relationship they want to create with their customer segments. Various forms of customer relationships include:
Personal Assistance: Assistance in a form of employee-customer interaction. Such assistance is performed during sales and/or after sales.
Dedicated Personal Assistance: The most intimate and hands-on personal assistance in which a sales representative is assigned to handle all the needs and questions of a special set of clients.
Self Service: The type of relationship that translates from the indirect interaction between the company and the clients. Here, an organization provides the tools needed for the customers to serve themselves easily and effectively.
Automated Services: A system similar to self-service but more personalized as it has the ability to identify individual customers and their preferences. An example of this would be making book suggestions based on the characteristics of previous book purchases.
Communities: Creating a community allows for direct interactions among different clients and the company. The community platform produces a scenario where knowledge can be shared and problems are solved between different clients.
Co-creation: A personal relationship is created through the customer's direct input to the final outcome of the company's products/services.

Cost Structure: This describes the most important monetary consequences while operating under different business models. A company's DOC.
Classes of Business Structures:
Cost-Driven – This business model focuses on minimizing all costs and having no frills. e.g. Low-cost airlines
Value-Driven – Less concerned with cost, this business model focuses on creating value for products and services. e.g. Louis Vuitton, Rolex
Characteristics of Cost Structures:
Fixed Costs – Costs are unchanged across different applications. e.g. salary, rent
Variable Costs – Costs vary depending on the amount of production of goods or services. e.g. music festivals
Economies of Scale – Costs go down as the amount of goods are ordered or produced.
Economies of Scope – Costs go down due to incorporating other businesses which have a direct relation to the original product.
Revenue Streams: The way a company makes income from each customer segment. Several ways to generate a revenue stream:
Asset Sale – (the most common type) Selling ownership rights to a physical good. e.g. retail corporations
Usage Fee – Money generated from the use of a particular service. e.g. UPS
Subscription Fees – Revenue generated by selling access to a continuous service. e.g. Netflix
Lending/Leasing/Renting – Giving exclusive right to an asset for a particular period of time. e.g. Leasing a Car
Licensing – Revenue generated from charging for the use of a protected intellectual property.
Brokerage Fees – Revenue generated from an intermediate service between 2 parties. e.g. Broker selling a house for commission
Advertising – Revenue generated from charging fees for product advertising.

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