Competing Values Framework (CVF)
Originally published: 05/01/2021 09:54
Last version published: 05/01/2021 09:58
Publication number: ELQ-75379-2
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Competing Values Framework (CVF)

CVF is a framework that can used to analyze Performance, Leadership, Organizational Design, Culture, among other areas.

The Competing Values Framework (CVF) is a management theory that was developed initially from research done on the major indicators of effective organizational performance. Based on statistical analyses of a comprehensive list of effectiveness indicators, the authors Quinn and Rohrbaugh discovered 2 major dimensions underlying conceptions of effectiveness, focused on:

1. Organizational focus
2. Organizational preference for structure

Together, the 2 dimensions form 4 quadrants, with each quadrant unique and defining sets of values and implications. Here are the 4 quadrants:

1. Collaborate – Human Relations Model

The top-left quadrant places a lot of emphasis on flexibility and internal focus. It stresses cohesion, morale, and human resources development as criteria for effectiveness.

General competences and attributes for organizations in this quadrant include teamwork, collaboration, talent management, empowerment, or inter-personal relationships. Key value drivers include commitment, communication, and development.

Leaders fitting this collaborative orientation tend to fit the profile of facilitators, mentors, and team builders. Facilitators tend to manage conflict well, using participative decision making.

2. Create – Open System Model

The top-right quadrant emphasizes flexibility and external focus, and stresses readiness, growth, resource acquisition, and external support. Tools and techniques, including innovation, creativity, articulating future vision, transformation change, or entrepreneurship, are highlighted here.

3. Control – Internal Process Model

The bottom-left quadrant emphasizes control and an internal focus; and stresses the role of information management, communication, stability, and control. Tools and techniques, including assessing and measuring, controlling processes, structuring, efficiency improvement, or quality enhancement, are highlighted here.

4. Compete – Rational Goal Model

The final quadrant emphasizes control and an external focus. It regards planning, goal setting, productivity, and efficiency as being effective. Tools and techniques, including competitiveness, fast response, decisiveness, driving through barriers, or goal achievement, are highlighted here.

This model has been found useful for organizing and understanding a variety of topics related to Organizational Design, and extending beyond, including Leadership Development and Organizational Culture. Here is a broad list of topics where we can apply CVF:

* Organizational Design
* Organizational Effectiveness
* Leadership Competencies
* Organizational Culture
* Stages of Life Cycle Development
* Organizational Quality
* Leadership Roles
* Financial Strategy
* Information Processing
* Brain Functioning

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